A: Getting rid of your debt won’t be a matter of just writing letters to your creditors. In fact, since most of your debt is educational loans, you will be hard pressed to simply “negotiate” away this debt – as can be done with credit card bills. As the overwhelming majority of your debt is student loans, focus on that first and foremost. Here are seven smart ways to reduce your educational debt. It’s based on an article I wrote on this topic.
Seven Smart Ways To Pay Off Student Loans Fast
1. Pick the shortest loan repayment program you can afford
If you have federal student loans, there are four different loan repayment plans you can select:
- the standard loan repayment plan, where you pay a minimum of $50 a month and your payments last for as long as 10 years;
- the extended repayment option, which also requires at least $50 monthly payments, but which lets you pay off your educational loans over 12 to 30 years;
- the graduated repayment program, which lasts from 12 to 30 years and allows you to pay as little as $25 a month; and
- the income-contingent repayment plan, which permits you to make payments as low as $5 a month and which lasts for 25 years.
Tip: Don’t make the mistake of just picking the option that lets you pay the smallest monthly payment. That may help your cash flow in the short term, but in the long run you’ll pay thousands more in finance charges. The best strategy: pay as much as you can possibly afford on your student loans. If you can’t swing the standard repayment plan (with a 10-year payoff), and you have to choose a longer repayment plan, then at least make extra payments on top of your normal monthly payment.
Next Step: Even if you can only afford to throw an additional $25 or $50 a month on top of your regular payment, every little bit will help. Sending in “extra” payments is a short-term financial challenge, but if you go ahead and bite the bullet now, making sacrifices in the near-run, you’ll be much better off in the long haul.
2) Ask your current or future employer to help you eliminate your student loans
A little-known way to get rid of college debts – including both private and federal loans – is to have your employer pay off the debt. Many organizations will do so if you sign an employment incentive contract.
This means that as a “bonus” or “perk” to you, your job pays your student loans. In turn, you agree to be a loyal employee and remain with the company for a given time period, say at least two to three years. Think about it this way: getting an employer to pay off your student loans is just another form of a benefit.
Companies offer workers extra cash all the time – like hiring/signing bonuses, performance bonuses, year-end bonuses or holiday gift money, etc. Therefore, money provided to knock out student loans is simply another form of cash compensation. Why are companies willing to consider offering student loan assistance? It’s simple: They want to hire and retain top talent.
Tip: The next time you’re up for a raise or performance appraisal, raise this subject with your boss. You can also bring up the matter to a prospective employer when you’re job-hunting; just wait until after you receive a firm job offer, and have started the salary-negotiation phase. Follow this advice, and you may not have to pay your student loans at all – your employer will!
3) Get the federal government to pay off up to $60,000 of your college debt
The government’s Federal Student Loan Repayment Program can be a huge windfall to anyone with federal student loans (not private loans). Administered by the Office of Personnel Management, this program allows any federal agency that you work for to pay off up to $10,000 annually of your federal student loans, up to a maximum of $60,000. For more info, call the OPM at 202-606-1800 or visit http://www.opm.gov.
Tip: Here is a link to the specific page on the OPM website that will give you all the information you need to know about the Student Loan Repayment Program:
http://www.opm.gov/oca/pay/StudentLoan/. Be sure to check out the Fact Sheet and the Questions and Answers section on the left side of the website page.
4) Get a deferment, forbearance or loan cancellation during periods of economic hardship
Most people think only students who are enrolled in school can get deferments. Nothing could be further than the truth. Practically anyone with an economic hardship can qualify for a loan deferment or forbearance – and some people with severe, chronic financial problems may be eligible to get their loans canceled altogether. Sallie Mae, the nation’s biggest student lender, offers deferments for nearly 20 different scenarios.
You can have your loans payment postponements for the unemployed, for new mothers re-entering the workforce, for volunteers at non-profit agencies, for military enlistees, etc. Even having excessive credit card debt or unusually high personal expenses can get your monthly student loan payment drastically lowered.
If you’ve had a string of bad luck, say you went through a divorce, got laid off, then had a car accident — all of which impacted your finances, you can qualify. Also, having a protracted hardship, such as a lengthy medical illness, the department of education may say it’s not worth it to make you pay off your loans – and they can cancel out your loan indebtedness.
Tip: To claim an economic hardship and ask for greatly reduced student loan repayments, fill out a simple 2-page form called a Statement of Financial Status. Find it online at the Department of Education:
If you have private loans, you can also ask your lender or loan service company about deferment and forbearance options.
5) Use volunteer activities or certain work to qualify for loan forgiveness or cancellation
A host of working professionals can have their loans forgiven or outright cancelled. These include police officers, lawyers, teachers, nurses, doctors and many in the healthcare field. People who volunteer at AmeriCorps (http://www.americorps.gov), VISTA or the Peace Corps, or who help impoverished people and those in under-served communities can also have their student loans written off. These loan cancellation programs are available for the asking.
Tip: More than two dozen loan cancellation and loan forgiveness programs are detailed in my book, Zero Debt for College Grads.
6) Negotiate loan rates and terms on any new federal student loans
Every July 1st, Congress adjusts the interest rate caps charged on federal student loans. However, contrary to popular belief, Congress doesn’t “set” the rates for federal student loans. Instead, the feds impose a “maximum” interest rate that lenders can charge, then lenders set their own rates based on what the market will bear.
Therefore, if you’re willing to negotiate and ask for more favorable rates and loan terms, you can find many lenders that will agree to charge a lower rate than the federal maximum interest rate.
Interest rates are currently being reduced for federally subsidized Stafford loans. (With subsidized loans, the government pays the interest on the loans while the student is in school). As of this writing, the interest rates on new subsidized Stafford loans are:
- 6.0% for loans first disbursed July 1, 2008 to July 1, 2009
- 5.6% for loans first disbursed July 1, 2009 to July 1, 2010
- 4.5% for loans first disbursed July 1, 2010 to July 1, 2011
- 3.4% for loans first disbursed July 1, 2011 to July 1, 2012
Tip: Ask a lender for lower interest rates based on:
a) having payments automatically deducted from your checking/savings account
b) making a set number of ‘on time’ payments (24 to 48 months of on time payments often qualifies you for a rate cut, and a few lenders will give you a break even sooner)
c) earning good grades, or qualifying for any other incentive programs a lender offers
7) Consolidate Student Loans Carefully
Anyone with student loans receives lots of offers in the mail from lenders seeking to consolidate your student loans. If you do consolidate you loans, do so wisely. You’ll have to keep your private loans and federal loans separate; you can’t consolidate those two groups of loans. But be careful which loans you roll into one bigger loan.
For instance, let’s say you took out federal Perkins loans while you were in school. In most cases, you wouldn’t want to combine a Perkins loans with other types of loans. The reason: Perkins loans have better “loan forgiveness” benefits for people who go into teaching, and you can lose those benefits if you consolidate them.
Tip: For more info on loan consolidation, visit: http://www.loanconsolidation.ed.gov. The major advantage of consolidating student loans is that your monthly payment will be reduced, freeing up some of your cash flow each month. The biggest drawback is that, because consolidated loans are stretched out over a longer repayment period – up to 30 years – you’ll wind up paying two to three times as much as you would’ve paid had you not consolidated your loans.
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